Exploring the Wilderness World: top 10 facts about the Elephants | documentary facts

Elephants are the largest mammals on Earth. But what do we know about them?

Fact number one.

Elephants are left-handed and right-handed. It depends on which tusk they use more often. Therefore, the tusks are always different sizes because one of them wears out faster.

Fact number two.

Elephants spend fifteen to twenty hours a day looking for food. During the day, an adult elephant eats up to four hundred and fifty kilograms of plants and drinks up to three hundred liters of water. Since elephants spend almost all their time searching and eating, they only have about three hours to sleep.

Fact number three.

The trunk of an elephant has about five hundred muscles. There are no bones in it. The trunk is divided into two channels; it is something like nostrils, and at its end there are one or two appendages. The elephant’s trunk is very sensitive. With it, the elephant can grab and lift various objects. Newborn elephants don’t know how to control their trunk until they are two years old. The elephant’s trunk can hold about seven and a half liters of water.

Fact number four.

Elephants have the largest brains of all animals living on land. The weight of an elephant’s brain is up to five kilograms, and an elephant’s heart weighs up to thirty kilograms and beats at a frequency of thirty beats per minute.

Fact number five.

Elephants make several types of sounds. The most famous is the trumpet sound that they make during excitement, stress, or aggression. They can hear each other’s trumpet sounds at a distance of up to ten kilometers.

Fact number six.

Elephants use mud as sunscreen. Thus, they protect their skin from ultraviolet light. Despite the fact that the skin of elephants is tough, it is very sensitive. Without regular mud baths to protect it from sunburn, insect bites, and moisture loss, their skin can be seriously damaged.

Fact number seven.

Elephants can rejoice, have fun, laugh, be sad, and empathize. The range of emotions experienced by elephants is really wide and resembles that of humans. Elephants are prone to deep-term experiences, both negative and positive. They may experience stress and even cry.

Fact number eight.

These animals have a very well-developed memory, and they remember the suffering that was brought to them for a long time. If an elephant is under negative influence for a long time, it can even go berserk and start attacking living creatures around it.

Fact number nine.

Elephants bury a dead relative. If an elephant from the herd is sick, healthy relatives take care of him, bringing food and water. Elephants have their own funeral rites, similar to human ones. In the event of the death of a member of the herd, elephants usually bury him by digging a shallow hole and covering the body with branches and earth, after which they sit silently next to this spot for several more days.

Fact number ten.

Elephants can hear through their legs. With the help of special pads on the feet, the elephant can feel the vibrations of the ground and determine the approach of relatives from a great distance. Scientists suggest that sound waves passing through the earth are transmitted to the elephant’s middle ear through the bones of the front legs. With this method of communication, elephants can transmit and pick up alarm signals. In this case, a lone elephant takes a defensive position, and the family gets closer to each other. The waves created by the movement diverge more than 30 kilometers.

World Elephant Day is an international annual event on August twelfth, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world’s elephants. Conceived in 2011 by Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clark of Canazwest Pictures, and Sivaporn Dardarananda, Secretary-General of the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation in Thailand, it was officially founded, supported and launched by Patricia Sims and the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation on August twelfth, 2012.

Previous article10 facts about the Tiger : Exploring the Wilderness World
Next articleExploring the Wilderness World: top 10 facts about the Foxes | documentary facts